Greece is the cradle of all Western civilization, tracing its roots to the civilization of Ancient Greece which has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece and providing the seminal foundation of modern Western culture.
Apart from being the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, literature and the Olympic Games, modern democracies owe a debt to Greece pioneers in many scientific fields that rely in systematic thought, namely biology, geometry, architecture, historiography, physics, astronomy and mathematics. Further, ancient Greeks introduced important literary forms as epic and lyric poetry, drama including tragedy and comedy, together with forming an ideal of beauty that strongly influenced western art.
The cultural and technological achievements of Greece have greatly influenced the world, being imparted to the East through Alexander the Great’s conquests, and to the West via incorporation into the Roman Empire and the succeeding Byzantine Empire.
World Heritage Sites
Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (17)
- Acropolis, Athens
- Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)
- Archaeological Site of Delphi
- Archaeological Site of Mystras
- Archaeological Site of Olympia
- Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns
- Medieval City of Rhodes
- Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios
- Mount Athos
- Old Town of Corfu
- Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika
- Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos
- Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus
- Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae
- The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos