Is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (27 km) from Athens.
Tradition derives the name from Aegina, the mother of Aeacus, who was born on and ruled the island. During ancient times, Aegina was a rival to Athens, the great sea power of the era, where there stands a finely preserved ancient temple of Afea Athena. The island, along with offshore islets, is a part of the Attica (Athens) region.
The capital is the town of Aegina, situated at the northwestern end of the island. Due to its proximity to Athens, it is a popular quick getaway. Besides the town of Aegina, other villages on the island are Kypséli, Vathý,Mesagrós, Pérdika, Agía Marína.

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