Is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Crete was the centre of the Minoan civilization (ca. 2600–1400 BC), the oldest Greek civilization. In Classical Latin it was called Creta and in Turkish Girit.

Crete is full of significant ancient history and provides popular modern day tourist destinations. They include the Minoan sites of Knossos near the port of Heraklion, the capital of Crete that was discovered in 1899 and partially reconstructed. The elaborate Palace is believed to contain the Labyrinth of King Minos with the legendary Minaurotarus (half bull, half man beast).

Other significant sites are Phaistos where Zeus in the form of a bull seduced the Europe (beginning of European civilization), the classical site of Gortys, the Venetian old city and port of Chania, the Venetian castle at Rethymno and the Samaria Gorge.

Samaria Gorge


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