The cradle of the Olympic Games. The games were held every Olympiad (i.e. every four years) with the Olympic Games dating back possibly further than 776 BC. In 394 AD ( after exactly 1170 years ) Emperor Theodosius I of Byzantium abolished them as they were then considered reminiscent of paganism.
The sanctuary, known as the Altis, consists of an unordered arrangement of various buildings. Enclosed within the temenos are the Temple of Hera (or Heraion/Heraeum) and Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion and the area of the altar, where the sacrifices were made. The hippodrome and later stadium were also to the east. To the north of the sanctuary can be found the Prytaneion and the Philippeion, as well as the array of treasuries representing the various city states. The Metroon lies to the south of these treasuries, with the Echo Stoa to the East. To the south of the sanctuary is the South Stoa and the Bouleuterion, whereas the West side houses the Palaestra, the workshop of Pheidias, the Gymnasium and the Leonidaion.
Olympia is also known for the gigantic ivory and gold statue of Zeus that used to stand there, sculpted by Pheidias, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Is a seaside town port in the western Peloponnese, south of Patras, west of Olympia and 350Km from Athens.